“All That May Become a Man”: Macbeth and the Breakdown of the Heroic Model

Lucia Folena (Università di Torino)

Abstract

Mentre sembra inizialmente conformarsi alla tradizionale rappresentazione epica della guerra come duello tra Bene e Male, o Diritto e Torto, Macbeth — all’incirca due secoli prima che un’analoga demistificazione si verifichi nel romanzo borghese — finisce per smantellare questo modello così geometrico e irrealistico, suggerendo che tutta la guerra è caos, e che valori antichi ed ereditati come l’eroismo e l’onore non bastano a salvaguardare le collettività dalla caduta nella confusione e nella distruzione.

DOI: 10.17456/SIMPLE-25

Bibliografia

Shakespeare, William. 1997 [1605-1606]. Macbeth. A. R. Braunmuller ed. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Shakespeare, William. 2005 [1598-1599]. King Henry V. A. Gurr ed. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Bakhtin, Mikhail. 1968 [1965]. Rabelais and His World. Trans. H. Iswolski. Cambridge (Mass.): M.I.T. Press.

Bernstein, Basil. 1971. Class, Codes and Control (Vol. I) Theoretical Studies towards a Sociology of Language. London-Boston: Routledge & Kegan Paul.

Braunmuller, A. R. 1997. Introduction to Macbeth. A. R. Braunmuller ed. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1-93.

Brogan, T.V.F. & A.W. Halsall. 2012. Antithesis. Roland Greene et al. eds. The Princeton Encyclopedia of Poetry and Poetics. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 58-59.

Burke, Peter. 1978. Popular Culture in Early Modern Europe. London: Temple Smith.

Clark, Stuart. 1977. King James’s Daemonologie: Witchcraft & Kingship. Sydney Anglo ed. The Damned Art: Essays in the Literature of Witchcraft. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 156-181.

Clark, Stuart. 1980. Inversion, Misrule and the Meaning of Witchcraft. Past & Present, 87: 98-127.

Clausewitz, Carl von. 1873 [1832]. On War. Trans. J. J. Graham. London: N. Trübner, www.clausewitz.com/.../OnWar1873/TOC.htm (accessed 28/5/2015).

Davis, Natalie Zemon. 1975. Society and Culture in Early Modern France. Stanford: Stanford University Press.

Eco, Umberto, 1977. How Culture Conditions the Colours We See. Marshall Blonsky ed.

On Signs. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 157-175.

Folena, Lucia. 2013. Il ritorno di Cerere: la signora Ramsay e la guerra-caos. Lucia Folena ed. La guerra e le armi nella letteratura in inglese del Novecento. Torino: Trauben, 153-176.

Hobbes, Thomas. 1962 [1651]. Leviathan. M. Oakeshott ed. New York-London: Collier Macmillan.

Jakobson, Roman. 1990 [1956]. Two Aspects of Language and Two Types of Aphasic Disturbances. R. Jakobson, On Language, ed. Linda R. Waugh & Monique Monville- Burston. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 115-133.

James I. 1682 [1598]. Basilikon Doron: Or, King Jamess Instructions to His Dearest Sonne, Henry the Prince. London: printed by M. Flesher for J. Hindmarsh.

James I. 1924 [1597]. Daemonologie, in Forme of a Dialogue. London: Bodley Head.

Hill, Christopher, 1991 [1972]. The World Turned Upside Down: Radical Ideas during the English Revolution. London: Penguin.

Hodge, Robert, 2016. Ideology. The Semiotics Encyclopedia Online, http://www.semioticon.com/seo/I/ideology.html#, (accessed on 15/2/2016).

Le Roy Ladurie, Emmanuel. 1966. Les paysans du Languedoc. 2 vols. Paris: SEVPEN.

Norbrook, David. 1987. Macbeth and the Politics of Historiography. Kevin Sharpe & Steven Zwicker eds. Politics of Discourse: The Literature and History of Seventeenth-Century England. Berkeley-Los Angeles-London: University of California Press, 78-116.

Parsons, Terence. 2012. The Traditional Square of Opposition. Edward N. Zalta ed. The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/square/#AriForOFor (accessed 1/02/2016).

Riebling, Barbara. 1991. Virtue’s Sacrifice: A Machiavellian Reading of Macbeth. Studies in English Literature, 1500-1900, 31, 2: 273-286.

Scurati, Antonio. 2007 [2003]. Guerra. Narrazioni e culture nella tradizione occidentale. Roma: Donzelli.

Stallybrass, Peter. 1981. Macbeth and Witchcraft. J. R. Brown ed. Focus on “Macbeth”. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 189-209.

Stallybrass, Peter & Allon White. 1986. The Politics & Poetics of Transgression. Ithaca: Cornell University Press.

 

 

Views: 65

Download PDF

Downloads: 38