The (Difficult) Rehabilitation of the Fairy-tale Villain

Pia Masiero (Università Ca' Foscari - Venezia), Laura Tosi (Università Ca' Foscari - Venezia)

Abstract

Questo articolo esplora quello che succede da un punto di vista cognitivo quando i lettori affrontano riscritture di fiabe in cui ‘il cattivo’ è un personaggio a tutto tondo rispetto al testo originale. I testi qui presentati – i romanzi di Donna Jo Napoli, The Magic Circle e Zel e il film di Disney Maleficent – sono incentrati su uno dei cattivi per eccellenza – la strega. L’articolo sostiene che queste streghe innescano un coinvolgimento del lettore che va al di là dell’attivazione degli schemi generici tipici del personaggio strega, creando un’esperienza di lettura più profonda, che mobilita il repertorio esperienziale dei lettori. Tale mobilitazione si esplicita in una riorganizzazione cognitiva che implica l’attribuzione di una coscienza e la sua simulazione – ingredienti, questi, necessari per un coinvolgimento etico da parte del lettore.

DOI: 10.17456/SIMPLE-134

Bibliografia

Bettelheim, Bruno. 1991. The Uses of Enchantment. The Meaning and Importance of Fairy  Tales. London: Penguin.

Caracciolo, Marco. 2013. Patterns of Cognitive Dissonance in Readers’ Engagement with Characters. Enthymema, 8: 21-37.

Caracciolo, Marco. 2017. The Experientiality of Narrative. An Enactivist Approach. Berlin-New York: De Gruyter.

Calabrese, Stefano. 2013. Retorica e scienze neurocognitive. Roma: Carocci.

Crew, Hilary S. 2002. Spinning New Tales from Traditional Texts. Donna Jo Napoli and the Rewriting of the Fairy Tale. Children’s Literature in Education, 33, 2: 77-95.

Crew, Hilary S. 2010. Donna Jo Napoli. Writing with Passion. Lanham: Scarecrow Press.

Eder, Jens, Fotis Jannidis & Ralf Schneider. 2010. Characters in Fictional Worlds. An Introduction. Jens Eder, Fotis Jannidis & Ralf Schneider eds. Characters in Fictional Worlds. Understanding Imaginary Beings in Literature, Film, and Other Media. Berlin-New York: De Gruyter, 3-64.

Di Paolo, Ezequiel A., Marieke Rohde & Hanneke De Jaegher. 2010. Horizons for the Enactive Mind: Values, Social Interaction, and Play. John Stewart, Olivier Gapenne & Ezequiel A. Di Paolo eds. Enaction. Toward a New Paradigm for Cognitive Science. Cambridge: MIT Press, 33-88.

Gerrig, Richard. 2010. A Moment-by-Moment Perspective on Readers’ Experiences of Character. Jens Eder, Fotis Jannidis & Ralf Schneider eds. Characters in Fictional Worlds. Understanding Imaginary Beings in Literature, Film, and Other Media. Berlin-New York: De Gruyter, 357-376.

Goldie, Peter. 2014. Anti-Empathy. Amy Coplan & Peter Goldie eds. Empathy. Philosophical and Psychological Perspectives. Oxford-New York: Oxford University Press, 302-317.

Hogan, Patrick. 2003. The Mind and His Stories. Narrative Universals and Human Emotion. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Hogan, Patrick. 2011. What Literature Teaches Us About Emotions. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Kamenetsky, Christa. 1992. The Brothers Grimm and Their Critics. Folktales and the Quest for Meaning. Athens: Ohio University Press.

Keen, Susan. 2007. Empathy and the Novel. New York: Oxford University Press.

Law, Karina. 2002. The Truth about Hansel and Gretel. London-Sydney: Franklin Watts.

Leake, Erin. 2014. Humanizing the Inhumane. The Value of Difficult Empathy. Meghan Marie Hammond & Sue J. Kim eds. Rethinking Empathy through Literature. New York: Routledge, 175-185.

Lüthi, Max. 1982. The European Folktale: Form and Nature. Bloomington-Indianapolis: Indiana University Press.

Margolin, Uri. 2007. Character. David Herman ed. The Cambridge Companion to Narrative. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 66-79.

Napoli, Donna Jo. 1993. Zel. New York: Penguin.

Napoli, Donna Jo. 1996. The Magic Circle. New York: Penguin.

Nikolajeva, Maria. 2014. Reading for Learning. Cognitive Approaches to Children’s Literature. Amsterdam-Philadelphia: John Benjamin.

Nikolajeva, Maria. 2015. Exploring Empathy and Ethics in Tales about Three Brothers. Maria Tatar ed. The Cambridge Companion to Fairy Tales. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 134-149.

Nikolajeva, Maria. 2018. Emotions and Ethics: Implications for Children’s Literature. Kristine Moruzi & Michelle Smith eds. Affect, Emotion, and Children’s Literature: Representation and Socialization in Texts for Children and Young Adults. New York: Routledge, 96-112.

Richardson, Brian. 2010. Transtextual Characters. Jens Eder, Fotis Jannidis & Ralf Schneider eds. Characters in Fictional Worlds. Understanding Imaginary Beings in Literature, Film, and Oth- er Media. Berlin-New York: De Gruyter, 527-567.

Perry, Menakhem. 1979. Literary Dynamics: How the Order of a Text Creates its Meanings. Poetics Today, 1-2: 35-64; 311-361.


Views: 176

Download PDF

Downloads: 127