Narratives and Critical Literacy in Health Websites for Children

Nickolas Komninos (Università di Udine)


Il presente studio intende analizzare, dal punto di vista delle competenze critiche, le narrazioni all’interno di siti web di tipo edutainment che hanno l’obiettivo di informare i bambini sulla salute e il benessere. Queste narrazioni sono costruite da sviluppatori adulti con l’obiettivo di attirare l’interesse dei bambini, promuoverne l’empatia e spingerne la partecipazione. I risultati sono presentati sottolineando gli aspetti chiave e le strategie pertinenti adottate da bambini per interpretare i testi multimodali, considerando in particolare: le capacità critiche di bambini di diverse età; lo sviluppo di strategie per l’interpretazione del significato; e le strategie adottate per superare la confusione semiotica o la possibilità di errori di interpretazione che potrebbero limitare la promozione di interconnessioni di uguaglianze. Questo contributo intende aggiungere nuovi dati alla comprensione del ruolo che la narrazione gioca nei siti web creati da adulti per dare informazioni ai bambini; inoltre, intende promuovere lo sviluppo dell’autonomia e della capacità multisemiotica nei bambini. Di conseguenza, lo studio promuove anche l’ecologia comunicativa attraverso diverse generazioni e comunità di pratica. Una migliore costruzione dei testi multimodali da parte degli adulti può portare ad un miglioramento dell’‘empowerment’, della partecipazione e dell’azione sociale nei bambini. Lo studio analizza anche lo sviluppo del metalinguaggio e la consapevolezza dei percorsi di lettura da parte dei bambini, dunque il loro sviluppo critico e digitale. Le linee guida e i best practices sono presentati per favorire l’empowerment del bambino.

DOI: 10.17456/SIMPLE-137


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