Postcolonial Antarctica and the Memory of the Empire of Ice

Nicoletta Brazzelli (Università di Milano - Italia; Professoressa, scrittrice)

Abstract

Abstract

L’anniversario dell’arrivo al Polo Sud da parte di Robert Falcon Scott nel 2012, seguito dalla sua tragica morte fra i ghiacci sulla via del ritorno, ha ridato slancio allo studio di Scott e del continente antartico. La rinascita dell’interesse per l’Antartide dimostra che il continente continua a esercitare un grande fascino sul mondo occidentale, come luogo in cui si esprimono coraggio e resistenza fisica. Il ruolo dell’Antartide in quanto spazio dell’immaginario britannico, tuttavia, appare oggi superato dal suo stato di territorio postcoloniale ‘posseduto’ sia dalle ex-potenze coloniali che dalle nazioni postcoloniali, come India o Nuova Zelanda. Il trattato antartico del 1959 ha riconosciuto alla Gran Bretagna un ruolo di primo piano all’interno degli accordi internazionali che hanno consolidato la cooperazione per la ricerca scientifica. Allo stesso tempo, molti altri paesi sono coinvolti nel progetto di fare del ‘continente bianco’ una riserva naturale interamente dedicata alla scienza.

DOI:-

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