“Only Sow Words”: Cheran’s A Second Sunrise as Postcolonial Autobiography

Isabel Alonso-Breto (Universitá di Barcellona)

Abstract

Questo saggio discute l’antologia di poesie A Second Sunrise (2012) del poeta tamil in esilio Cheran come autobiografia postcoloniale, quale narrazione della vita del poeta e autobiografia comunitaria rappresentativa della comunità (diasporica) in Sri Lanka. La vita e l’opera di Cheran sono incentrate su un solido legame al luogo di origine e, sebbene fisicamente estraniato da quando è in esilio, egli non ha mai smesso di onorarlo attraverso il suo costante sforzo poetico e l’attivismo politico. Il senso di comunità e il legame con la terra animano A Second Sunrise e collegano concettualmente e tematicamente l’intera produzione poetica. Servendosi della teoria della life writing questa lettura vuol mostrare che l’antologia, pur sottolineando una necessaria continuità di senso per il sé esiliato, mette in luce le molteplici possibilità di riconfigurazione identitaria in contesti traumatici.

DOI: 10.17456/SIMPLE-192

Parole chiave: postcolonial autobiography, Lankan Tamils, Cheran, poetry and war, poetry as autobiography, life writing.

Bibliografia

Alexander, Jeffrey. 2011. Toward a Cultural Theory of Trauma. Olick Jeffrey K., Vered Vinitzky-Seroussi & Daniel Levy eds. The Collective Memory Reader. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 307-310.

Alonso-Breto, Isabel. 2021. The Ethics of Care in the No Fire Zone: Anuk Arudpragasam’s The Story of a Brief Marriage. Atlantis, 43, 1: 219-225.

Arudpragasam, Anuk. 2012. The Story of a Brief Marriage. London: Granta.

Bannerji, Mita. 2019. Postcolonialism. Martina Wagner-Egelhaaf ed. Handbook of Autobiography/Autofiction. Volume I: Theory and Concepts. Boston: De Gruyter, 130-135.

Burgio, Giuseppe. 2016. When Interculturality Faces a Diaspora. The Transnational Tamil Identity. Encyclopaideia, 20, 44: 106-128.

Boyle, Francis A. 2009. The Tamil Genocide by Sri Lanka: The Global Failure to Protect Tamil Rights Under International Law. Atlanta: Clarity Press.

Brancato, Sabrina. 2020. Where Whiteness Fears to Tread. Amazon Books.

Brancato, Sabrina. 2021. Insidious by Design. Amazon Books.

Caruth, Caty. 1997. Traumatic Awakenings. Hent de Vries ed. Violence, Identity and Self- Determination. Palo Alto: Stanford University Press, 208-222.

Cheran, R. 2000. Salad Days. Kim Echlin, Barbara Moon & Don Obe eds. To Arrive Where You Are: Literary Journalism from The Banff Centre for the Arts. Banff: Banff Centre Press, 121-136.

Cheran, R. 2012. A Second Sunrise. Translated from Tamil by Lakshmi Hölmstrom and Sascha Ebeling. Delhi: Navayana.

Cheran, R. 2016. Poetry after Libricide and Genocide. Indialogs, 3: 211-228.

Cheran, R. & Aparna Halpé. 2015. On Responsible Distance: An Interview with R. Cheran by Aparna Halpé. University of Toronto Quarterly, 84, 4: 90-108.

Duplessis, Rachel Blau. 2006. Blue Studios: Poetry and Its Cultural Work. Tuscaloosa: University of Alabama Press.

Ebeling, Sascha. 2012. Between love, war and the sea. Afterword to A Second Sunrise. Delhi: Navayana, 126-158.

Gilmore, Leigh. 2000. The Limits of Autobiography: Trauma and Testimony. Ithaca: Cornell University Press.

Green, Susan. 2008. Genre: Life Writing. mETAphor, 2: 50-55.

Harrison, Frances. 2012. Still Counting the Death. London: Portobello.

Holmström, Lakshmi & Sascha Ebeling. 2012. Of Sowing and Seeding: A Note on the Translations. A Second Sunrise. Delhi: Navayana, 127-158.

Hornung, Alfred & Ernstpeter Ruhe eds. 1998. Postcolonialism and Autobiography. Amsterdam: Rodopi.

Jackson, Debra. 2016. Answering the Call: Crisis Intervention and Rape Survivor Advocacy as Witnessing Trauma. Monica J. Casper & Eric Wertheimer eds. Critical Trauma Studies: Understanding Violence, Conflict and Memory in Everyday Life. New York: New York University Press, 205-226.

Jensen, Meg & Margareta Jolly eds. 2014. We Shall Bear Witness: Life Narratives and Human Rights. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press.

Kadar, Marlene. 1992. Coming to Terms: Life Writing from Genre to Critical Practice. M. Kadar ed. Essays on Life Writing: From Genre to Critical Practice. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 3-16.

Kanaganayakam, Chelva. 2007. Nation and Nationhood in Modern Sri Lankan Literature. Harish Trivedi, Meenakshi Mukherjee, Vijayasree Chaganti & Vijay Kumar eds. The Nations across the World: Postcolonial Literary Representations. New Delhi: Oxford University Press, 187-201.

Knuth, Rebecca. 2006. Burning Books and Leveling Libraries: Extremist Violence and Cultural Destruction. Westport: Praeger.

Lo, Aline. 2011. Writing Citizenship: Flexible Forms of Belonging in Kao Kalia Yang’s The Late Homecomer. Hmong Studies Journal, 12: 1-15.

MacHale, Brian. 2009. Beginning to Think about Narrative in Poetry. Narrative, 17, 1: 11-27.

MacDermott, Doireann ed. 1984. Autobiographical and Biographical Writing in the Commonwealth: Proceedings of the EACLALS Conference 1984. Sabadell: AUSA.

Martínez García, Ana Belén. 2019. Empathy for Social Justice: The Case of Malala Yousafzai. Journal of English Studies, 17: 253-275.

Maya Rota, Sandra Lila. 2009. The Limits of Postcolonial Autobiography and the Empowering Capacity of Life-Writing for the Postcolonial Subject. Linguae & - Rivista di Lingue e Culture Moderne, 8, 1: 47-63.

Menelaou, Iakovos. 2017. ‘My Verses Are the Children of My Blood’: Autobiography in the Poetry of Kostas Karyotakis. International Journal of Comparative Literature and Translation Studies, 5, 3: 5-17.

Moore-Gilbert, Bart. 2009. Post-colonial Life Writing: Culture, Politics and Self-Representation. London: Routledge.

Morgan, Sally. 1987. My Place. Freemantle: Freemantle Arts Centre.

Olick, Jeffrey K., Vered Vinitzky-Seroussi & Daniel Levy eds. 2011. Introduction. The Collective Memory Reader. New York: Oxford University Press, 3-62.

Ondaatje, Michael. 2000. Anil’s Ghost. Toronto: McClelland and Stewart.

Perera, Suvendrini. 2015. Survival Media: The Politics and Poetics of War and Mobility in Sri Lanka. London: Palgrave.

Shaffer, Kay & Sidonie Smith. 2004. Human Rights and Narrated Lives: The Ethics of Recognition. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.

Sivanandan, Ambavalaner. 2009. An Island Tragedy: Buddhist Ethnic Cleansing in Sri Lanka. New Left Review, 60: 79-98.

Smith, Sidonie & Julia Watson. 2001. Reading Autobiography: A Guide for Interpreting Life Narratives. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.

Taylor, Drew Hayden. 1998. Only Drunks and Children Tell the Truth. Vancouver: Talonbooks.

Weiss, Gordon. 2011. The Cage: The Fight for Sri Lanka and the Last Days of the Tamil Tigers. London: Bodley Head.

Whitlock, Gillian. 2015. Postcolonial Life Narratives: Testimonial Transactions. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Wickramasinghe, Nira. 2006. Sri Lanka in the Modern Age: A History of Contested Identities. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press.

Wicks, Amanda. 2016. “No Other Tale to Tell”: Trauma and Acts of Forgetting in The Road. Monica J. Casper & Eric Wertheimer eds. Critical Trauma Studies. New York: New York University Press, 135-156.

Wilson, A. Jeyaratnam. 2000. Sri Lankan Tamil Nationalism: Its Origins and Development in the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries. London: Hurst.

Yogasundram, Nath. 2008. A Comprehensive History of Sri Lanka from Prehistory to Tsunami. Colombo: Vijitha Yapa.

Views: 170

Download PDF

Downloads: 189