Chattering Classes/Twittering Revolutionaries: Social Media, and the Arab Spring

Jhon C. Hawley (Università di Santa Clara - USA; Professore, ricercatore, scrittore)



In Culture and Imperialism Edward Said analizza internazionalità e cosmopolitismo sullo sfondodella Guerra del Golfo e dell’opinione di Rée secondo cui la “nation-form is a kind of false consciousness”, come se questa fosse “an expression of popular subjective will” (Said, 1993: 10). Ma il monopolio del potere da parte di autorità nazionali centrali produce rappresentazioni in cui “processes which are actually the effect of internationality are experienced as an expression of the natures of different nations and their individual members” (Said, 1993: 10, mio corsivo). Tuttavia il nazionalismo è problematico nei paesi che furono, per così dire, prodotti artificialmente dal colonialismo, e i social media stanno verosimilmente fornendo largo accesso ad una riappropriazione dell’intervento civile e dell’auto-determinazione.



Anon. (July 4) 2013. Morsi’s overthrow sets Egypt’s Twitter alight., on 5 July 2013).

Anon. (21 September) 2012. Arab Spring. Sourcewatch, on 28 June2013).

Eltantawy, Nahed & Julie B. Wiest. 2011. Social Media in the Egyptian Revolution: Reconsidering Resource Mobilization Theory. International Journal of Communication 5,     Feature               1207–1224                               online,, (accessed 5 on July 2013); also: reported by Alula BerheKidani in Sudan        Vision:                                       An                          Independent                           Daily 18/06/2012,(accessed on 15 January2014).

Hawley, John C. 2008. Agencies for Resistance, Prospects for Evolution. Revathi Krishnaswamy & John C. Hawley ed. The Postcolonial and the Global. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 22-32.

Howard, Philip N. & Muzammil M. Hussain. 2011. The Role of Digital Media.

Journal of Democracy, 22, 3: 35-48.

Huang, Carol. 2011. Facebook and Twitter Key to Arab Spring Uprisings: Report. The National 6 June, (accessed on 1 July 2013).

Khamis, Sahar. 16 November 2012. Gendering the Arab Spring: Arab Women Journalists, ‘Cyberfeminism’ and Socio-Political Transformation., (accessed on 17 January 2014).

Krishnaswamy, Revathi & John C. Hawley, ed. 2008. The Postcolonial and the Global. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.

Massad, Joseph. 2012. The ‘Arab Spring’ and Other American Seasons. Al Jazeera 29           August                                     , (accessed 28 June2013).

McLuhan, Marshal.1964. Understanding Media: The Extensions of Man. New York: New American Library.

Rée, Jonathan. 1992. Internationalism. Journal of Radical Philosophy, 60 (Spring): 3-11.

Safranek, Rita. 2012. The Emerging Role of Social Media in Political and Regime Change. ProQuest Discovery Guides, (accessed on 5 July 2013).

Said, Edward. 1993. Culture and Imperialism. London: Chatto & Windus.

Salem, Fadi & Racha Mourtada. 2012. Social Media in the Arab World: Influencing Societal and Cultural Change? Arab Social Media Report. Dubai School of Government, June /PDF/ASMR%204%20final%20to%20post.pdf, (accessed on 1 July 2013).

Salem, Fadi, Racha Mourtada & Sarah Alshaer. 2013. Transforming Education in the Arab World: Breaking Barriers in the Age of Social Learning. Arab Social Media                      Report.                 Dubai        School                                   of   Government.    June. on 1 July2013).

Shirky, Clay. 2011. The Political Power of Social Media: Technology, The Public Sphere,               and        Political                           Change.                        Foreign             Affairs online.       January/February,, (accessed on 5 July 2013).,                      (July         5)       2013,

Toumi, Habib. 2011. Who coined ‘Arab Spring 17 December,, (accessed on 28 June 2013).

Wike, Richard et al. 12 December 2012. Social Networking Popular Across Globe,, (accessed on 1 July 2013).

Views: 277

Download PDF

Downloads: 157